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Пробна матура по английски език - 2007 г.

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УВАЖАЕМИ УЧЕНИЦИ,

 

Пред Вас е изпитен материал за пробен държавен зрелостен изпит.

Прочетете внимателно условията на задачите.

 

Отговора отбележете със син химикал по следния начин:

 

• За задачите със структуриран отговор в тестовата книжка зачертайте със знака X буквата на избрания от Вас отговор. Например, ако искате да отбележите отговор б), направете го така:

 

Ако искате да се откажете от отговора, който вече сте отбелязали, например от отговор б), и да отбележите отговор в), това можете да направите така:

 

• За задачите със свободен отговор напишете Вашия отговор на указаното за това място в тестовата книжка или на предоставените Ви допълнителни листове.

 

При посочване на грешен отговор, на повече от един отговор за една задача или ако не посочите отговор точки не се присъждат.

 

Време за работа 4 астрономически часа.

 

ПОЖЕЛАВАМЕ ВИ УСПЕШНА РАБОТА!

 

 

PART ONE

LISTENING COMPREHENSION

 

Directions: You will hear a text about Flags twice. Before you listen to it, read the questions in about 3 minutes. While listening for the first time, you can look at the questions and the suggested choices, but you are not allowed to take notes. When you hear the whole text you have 9 minutes to answer the questions, choosing among A, B, C or D. Then you will hear the text again and will have 2 minutes to check your answers.

 

1. The first flags were ……………………

a) cloth ornamented poles.

b) on metal poles.

c) pieces of fabric.

d) wooden poles.

 

2. Flags are generally used ……………………

a)  as decorations only.

b) mainly as symbols.

c)  as symbols of peace.

d) None of the above.

 

3. The world in the flag of the United Nations is surrounded by the branches of ……………………

a)  a lemon tree.

b) an oak tree.

c)  an apple tree.

d) an olive tree.

 

4. Flags flown at half-mast indicate ……………………

a)  loss of life.

b) victory.

c)  danger.

d) a national holiday.

 

5. Years ago flags were ……………………

a) hand-knit.

b) hand-patched.

c) hand-sewn.

d) hand-embroidered.

 

6. Today, hand-made are only ……………………

a) national flags.

b) white flags.

c) religious flags.

d) state flags.

 

7. The "Jolly Roger" was used ……………………

a) to entertain.

b) to insult.

c) to challenge.

d) to frighten.

 

Directions: You will hear a text about Umbrellas twice. Before you listen to it, read the questions in about 3 minutes. While listening for the first time, you can look at the questions and the suggested choices, but you are not allowed to take notes. When you hear the whole text you have 10 minutes to answer the questions, choosing among A, B or C. Then you will hear the text again and will have 2 minutes to check your answers.

 

8. Evidence of umbrellas has been found in Assyria.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

9. The first parasols were intended to provide protection from the rain.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

10. Chinese fabric parasols were waxed and lacquered to be made waterproof.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

11. In the 16th century the umbrella became particularly popular especially in South Italy.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

12. "Hanway" was named after Jonas Hanway who promoted the feminine accessory.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

13. The oldest umbrella shop is in London.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

14. The early umbrella handles were made of steel.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

15. Long before the umbrella stand was patented, Samuel Fox invented the steel ribbed design.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

PART TWO

READING COMPREHENSION

 

Directions: Read the texts below. Then read the questions that follow them and choose the best answer to each question correspondingly among A, B, C orD.

 

The Evolution of Clocks

 

Since the beginning of time, humans have been looking for better ways to answer the age-old question: "What time is it?" The earliest humans used the position of the sun in the sky to approximate the time of day. However, this system had obvious drawbacks: you couldn't tell the exact time, you couldn't see the sun at night, and the sun could be hard to see if there was heavy cloud cover. In around 3,500 B.C., the Egyptians began to construct huge obelisks which served as primitive sundials. These huge pillars told time by casting shadows on the ground, which changed position depending on the time of day. The next great advance in timekeeping occurred in about 3,450 B.C. when a primitive hourglass was invented. This device was basically a bowl with a hole in the bottom. It had many advantages over sundials, because it would work on cloudy days and at night. However, this device required careful calibration, because the water poured out faster when the bowl was full since the water pressure was greater. Also, these devices would not work in freezing weather.

A huge advance occurred in the 1300's when mechanical clocks, which used weights or springs, began to appear. At first, they had no faces, and no hour or minute hands; rather, they struck a bell every hour. Later, clocks with hour, and then minute hands began to appear. In the 1400's, another important discovery in timekeeping was made - coiled springs were able to move the hands on a clock. This discovery made smaller clocks, and later - watches, possible.

Then, in 1656, Christian Huygens invented the pendulum clock, which used weights and a swinging pendulum. These clocks were much more accurate than previous clocks, off by less than a minute a day, compared to the 15 minutes a day of earlier clocks. The bigger the pendulum, the more accurate the clock was.

During the mid to late 1800's, many countries saw the need to create standard time zones so that everyone could agree on the time and nations could work more efficiently. In 1852, Great Britain implemented a telegraph network that transmitted "Greenwich Mean Time", so the whole country would be running on exactly the same time. Then, in 1882, the United States created 4 standard time zones, still in use today. In 1884, delegates from 25 countries met and agreed on worldwide time zones.

At the dawn of the 20th century, only women wore wristwatches. No self-respecting "real man" would wear one. However, in the first World War, soldiers wore wristwatches because taking out a pocket watch to check the time was difficult or impossible in battle. After the war was over, it was considered "socially acceptable" to wear wrist watches, and they became popular.

Recently, in 1999, scientists developed the cesium fountain atomic clock, which is off by only one second every 20 million years. Perhaps one day humans will invent a timekeeping device which is 100% accurate and never gains or loses a second, not even in billions of years. Also, as time progresses, everyday clocks will gain more features, such as the ability to automatically adjust for daylight savings time, and the ability to synchronize with atomic clocks through radio waves.

 

16. The earliest system used to tell time involved

a)  monitoring shadows on the ground.

b) measuring water levels in a bowl.

c) observing the sun.

d) building sundials.

 

17. The drawback of the primitive hourglass was that

a) it didn't work at night.

b) its performance depended on by certain weather conditions.

c) it was not available to all.

d) its performance depended on careless calibration.

 

18. The creation of wrist watches was made possible by the discovery of

a) hour and minute hands.

b) weights and springs.

c) a bell that struck regularly.

d) coiled springs.

 

19. Huygens's clock was

a) off by approximately 1 minute.

b) off by approximately 15 minutes.

c) off by approximately 15 miles.

d) perfectly accurate.

 

20. Four standard time zones were created

a) in 1852 by Great Britain.

b) in 1882 by Great Britain.

c) in 1882 by the USA.

d) in 1884 by 25 countries.

 

21. In 1900 it was "socially acceptable" for

a)  soldiers to wear wristwatches.

b) women to wear wristwatches.

c)  for a "real man" to wear wristwatches.

d) for everyone to wear wristwatches.

 

22. It is true that today we finally have

a) a timekeeping device that is 100% accurate.

b) a timekeeping device that adjusts to daylight saving time.

c) a timekeeping device that gains a second in 20 billion years.

d) a timekeeping device that loses a second in 20 million years.

 

The Limbo Dance

The Limby (Limmm-By) is a unique dance and is also known as the "Under Stick Dance". The limbo dance, originally a ritual performed at 'wakes' (funeral dance which may be related to African legba or legua dance) in Trinidad from the mid or late 19th century, does not appear to have any roots in West Africa.

It is believed that the people of Trinidad during this dance portrayed going down in the hold of a slave ship which carried them off into slavery. No matter how they twist or turn they would go deeper and deeper, some would make it, some would not. The position had to be retained because the space between the upper deck and floor was narrow, designed for packing and not standing.

Today limbo refers to a dancer who moves to a rhythm and dances under a stick, held up by a person on each end of the stick or a stand, without knocking or touching the stick. If the dancer is successful he must repeat this again and again with the bar being lowered another "notch" each time. Each dancer does this until there is only one left standing who has not touched the bar, fallen down, laid on the floor or used his/her hands to keep balance. Onlookers, as well as other dancers, would clap, and cheer, and sing while the dancer tries to go under the stick.

In the mid 1960's a Fire limbo was done as a stage act. The Fire Limbo is a normal Limbo with the exception of the stick, it is set on fire burning while the dancer performs, with occasionally the dancer having a lighted torch, blowing alcohol from the mouth to the torch for explosive bursts of flame. The Fire Limbo was not done socially, and was performed by professionals and should not be tried at home for obvious reasons. Eventually local entertainers adapted and transformed the ritual into the stage performance as it is today, spreading it throughout the region.

 

23. Originally, the limbo dance in Trinidad was a ritualistic performance.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

24. The limbo dance probably has its origin in West Africa.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

25. The people of Trinidad perform the dance during their voyage in order to escape from slavery.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

26. The people go deeper and deeper - some of them can twist and turn while others can't.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

27. The stick should be constantly held and irregularly let down.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

28. Onlookers are allowed to touch the dancers.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

29. Explosives are used during the performance of the Fire limbo.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

30. Non-amateur skills are required to perform the Fire limbo.

a) True.

b) False.

c) No information in the text.

 

PART THREE: USE OF ENGLISH

Section One: Cloze Test

 

Directions: Read the text and for each numbered gap circle the letter (A, B, C or D) of the word or phrase that best suits each space.

My mother couldn't enjoy the cruise at all. She was down with sea- (31) ……….. most of the time. We had to get her food directly from the kitchen and feed her like a baby because the best she could do was (32) ………..in bed and drink some tea with toast. On the third day the steward, a (33) ………..and kind young man, brought us an electric (34) ………..and a box of aromatic green tea and we (35) ………..his care as it was more (36) ………..to us to prepare her "meals" in her cabin. At one of the ports my father bought her a small monkey with long silky (37) ………... The funny animal (38) ………..her spirits a little but then it disappeared and after a thorough (39) ……….. of the whole ship the crew found it in one of the life-boats, eating a banana. The provisions stored in the life-boat had suffered (40) ……….. damages but our steward (41) ……….. his best to cover up the matter as (42) ……….. as possible. After that (43) ……….. we found it more (44) ……….. to keep our curious pet on a leash till the end of the (45) ……….. .

 

31. a) illness

b) disease

c) sickness

d) disorder

32. a) sit up

b) get up

c) stand up

d) wake up

33. a) handsome

b) beautiful

c) fine

d) pretty

34. a) jug

b)jar

c) teapot

d) kettle

35. a) greeted

b) welcomed

c) saluted

d)addressed

36. a) convenient

b) comfortable

c)cozy

d) practiceable

37. a) skin

b) hairs

c)fur

d) leather

38. a) raised

b) rose

c) arose

d) roused

39. a) inquiry

b) investigation

c) exploration

d) examination

40. a) visionary

b) visible

c) visual

d) visionable

41. a) did

b) made

c) displayed

d) showed

42. a) hurried

b) hasty

c) quick

d) fast

43. a) accident

b) incident

c) happening

d) occurrence

44. a) senseless

b) sensitive

c) sensible

d) sensational

45. a) excursion

b)trip

c) journey

d) voyage

 

Section Two: Sentence Completion

 

Directions: For each of the sentences below, circle the letter (A, B, C or D) of the word or phrase that best completes its meaning.

 

46. It's the third time this tooth has made me a problem. I'm afraid I must ………..

a) pull it out                          b) have it pulled out

c) be pulled out                    d) let it be pulled out

 

47. Your son is not a stupid boy. What he needs is ……….. courage.

a) few                 b) little              c) a few                d) a little

 

48. I'm not close with anyone in the company and I find it ……….. to decline the invitation.

a) more suitable                               b) more suitably

c) suitabler                                        d) most suitably

 

49. Linda has got ………..relation in Italy and is going to spend her holidays there.

a) -                      b) a                    c) an                     d) the

 

50. Mark speaks ……….. English but doesn't understand the Scottish dialect at all.

a) good           b) well                 c) goodly              d) finely

 

51. Don't make such a fuss. This cough syrup tastes ………...

a) sweetly          b) sweetened            c) sweet         d) sweety

 

52. Pete is ………..charming child, but his aunts will spoil him in no time.

a) so               b) such                c) a so                    d) such a

 

53.1 don't think you will be able to make a single student ……….. to a lecture on Saturday.

a) to come            b) come        c) coming             d) comes

 

54. Stop ……….., please! There's nothing funny about a drunk person!

a) to laugh             b) laughing           c) laugh            d) laughter

 

55. My friends hate pop-folk music and ………...

a) so do I             b) so I don't            c) so I do          d) so don't I

 

Section Three: Sentence Transformations

Directions: Complete the second sentence so that it is as close as possible in meaning to the first one.

 

56. My sister told me that her boyfriend had been on an expedition in the South American jungle two years before, when he was a student at University.

„……………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………….”, my sister said.

 

57. Not that I'm a pessimist, but I'm sure that there is no solution to that problem.

Not that I'm a pessimist, but there ……………………………………

 

58. Somebody gave me that leaflet at the entrance of the hotel yesterday.

I ……………………………………

 

59. Don't shout at the dog. It doesn't obey such commands.

If you ……………………………………

 

60. The last time I saw a Nestinari dance was when I was a child.

I ……………………………………

 

PART FOUR WRITING

 

Directions: In the space below write a composition of about 140-170 -words on ONE of the following topics.

 

1.      Modern music - your favourite singers and trends.

 

2.      Describe yourself and your lifestyle in 2017

 

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………………